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公共英语三级考试(PETS3)写作技巧

编辑整理:公共英语等级考试网 发布时间:2022-09-02 15:59:02 浏览: 分享

公共英语三级考试(pets3)写作技巧


        (一)漫画作文

        1. 开始段:描述图画的内容,得出表层结论
        (1) As is described in the picture... The picture shows...


        (2) The picture describes... It indicates that...


        (3) In the picture, we can see ... It reveals that...


        2. 中间段:分析原因,论证原因
        (1) There may be several possible reasons for which will be demonstrated below.


        (2) The explanation for this phenomenon involves many complicated factors.   


         (3) A combination/ number of factors may contribute to/ account for...    


        (4) Among all the important/convincing reasons above, one should be emphasized...   


        (5) Of course, this does not in itself explain/ account for...   


        (6) One of the most common/ popular reasons for ... is that...


        3. 结束段:表达个人观点,提出建议或呼吁
        (1) As the issue plays such an important part in both society and our life, due/ more tension should be paid to it.


        (2) As the issue has a far reaching influence on both society and our life, due/ more attention should be paid to it.


        4. 其他可能会用到的句子和短语
        举例:
        (1)To take ... as an example


        (2)One example is...


        (3)Another example is...


        (4)for example


        承上启下的连接词:
        (1) to begin with, then, furthermore, finally


        (2) to start with, next, in addition, finally


        (3) most important of all, moreover, finally


        (4) on the one hand, on the other hand


        (5) for one thing, for another thing


        结尾用于过渡的短语:
        (1)to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus, Therefore, we can find that...


        (2)Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.


        (3)Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.


        (4)Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken


        (二)图表作文
        图表作文是难度比较大的一种写作题型。这类作文至少包含描述图表和解释原因两个部分,但图表又比较容易掌握,因为它的规律性很强。


        图表作文可分为:数据图、饼图、直方图或柱形图、趋势曲线图、表格图、流程图或过程图和程序图。


        1. 首段:描述表格内容,简单总结规律
        (1)如果只有一个变量,有三个数据,可以描述如下:
        From the chart we can see clearly that the average number of hours a student spends on Internet per week has increased from less than two hours in 1998 to nearly four hours in 2000, and then to 20 hours in 2004. 


        (2)如果是最常见的是2*3的情形,可以描述如下:

        From the chart, we can see clearly that in a big city in China, state owned houses declined from 75% in 1990 to 60% in 1995 and then to 20% in 2000, while private houses rose from 25% to 40% and then to 80% during the same period. 


        (3)如果碰到多变量、每个变量多数据的情形,大家应首先进行分类,分成上升、下降两类,或者上升、下降、不变三类,这样问题就迎刃而解了。


        2. 第二段:分析原因,得出结论
        第二段是解释原因的段落。通过上一段对图表的分析,说明图表中的反映的情况并作解释说明,最后在文章的结尾处得出合乎情理的结论,阐明自己的看法。


        常用的句型有:
        These changes reflect…


        The possible suggestions for this are that…


        (三)文字表述类作文 
        这种作文也叫关键词作文,就是根据作文题目及所给的关键词,在正确理解词义的基础上根据自己的知识,进行联想和组织文字,写出既能够合理利用关键词又能表达意思的文章。 


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