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全国公共英语3三级考试真题

编辑整理:公共英语等级考试网 发布时间:2022-10-27 16:35:21 浏览: 分享

全国公共英语3三级考试真题


        SECTION  I  Listening  Comprehension(25 minutes)

  1~25略

  SECTION  Ⅱ Use  of  English(15 minutes)

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C, or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Text

  Music is an important way of expressing people' s feelings and emotions. The  26  , for instance, from 1960 to 1969 will be   27   by many as a period of social and political unrest in America. 28 this time, many people despaired   29   the music favored by the American  teenagers.   30  , we must now admit that the music they loved was  31   a sign of the period  and a  32  of the tensions and changes that were  33  American society. In the early sixties,34 about social justice and equality were 35 by the song “Blowing in the Wind” which 36  the civil rights song “We Shall Overcome”. The conflict concerning military  37  in Vietnam was sung about in 1965 in the 38 song “Eve of Destruction” and in the song “Ballad of the Green Beret”. A few years  39  , a gradual shift in mood became  40   in one of the most popular songs which suggested calmer questions and possible answers even as some pop stars protested loudly  41   the draft. Finally, music as a   42   of the political and social process in America was highlighted at Woodstock, New York, where half a million young people came  43 in 1969 to spend three days listening to songs that spanned the decade. This event was a symbol of the desire for  44   within a time of unrest. Woodstock was a 45   of hope in days of rage.

  26. [ A ] generation    [ B ] age             [ C ] decade          [ D ] era


  27. [ A ] recorded      [ B ] remembered      [ C ] regretted       [ D ] recommended


  28. [ A ] For           [ B ] After           [ C ] During          [ D ] At


  29. [ A ] over          [ B ] at              [ C ] with            [ D ] for


  30. [ A ] Moreover      [ B ] However         [ C ] Therefore       [ D ] Thus


  31. [ A ] only          [ B ] occasionally    [ C ] often           [ D ] never


  32. [ A ] reflection [ B ] reaction [ C ] recreation [ D ] relaxation


  33. [ A ] effecting [ B ] affecting [ C ] defecting [ D ] perfecting


  34. [ A ] questions     [ B ] arguments       [ C ] debates         [ D ] disputes


  35. [ A ] dismissed     [ B ] removed         [ C ] raised          [ D ] promoted


  36. [ A ] reformed      [ B ] echoed          [ C ] repeated        [ D ] respected


  37. [ A ] involvement   [ B ] assignment      [ C ] replacement     [ D ] settlement


  38. [ A ] dissatisfying [ B ] delighting [ C ] pleasing [ D ] discouraging


  39. [ A ] later         [ B ] past            [ C ] on              [ D ] ahead


  40. [ A ] evident       [ B ] positive        [ C ] realistic       [ D ] instructive


  41. [ A ] with          [ B ] against         [ C ] towards         [ D ] about


  42. [ A ] tool          [ B ] creation        [ C ] mirror          [ D ] decoration


  43. [ A ] along         [ B ] up              [ C ] together        [ D ] out


  44. [ A ] unity [ B ] reality [ C ] popularity [ D ] individuality


  45. [ A ] presentation  [ B ] display         [ C ] performance     [ D ] publication


        SECTION Ⅲ  Reading Comprehension(40 minutes)

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following three texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Text 1

  I'd been living with my wife for eight years and one night “morn” says,“I guess you guys are never gonna get married. I mean, you've been through jail together, you' e living together, but.., oh, forget it.”

  “Oh, well,” I said, “put it like that and I'll marry your daughter tomorrow.”

  Actually, I don't know what we were waiting for, except that for a guy it's never the right time to get married. I' m also suspicious of any two people who don' t struggle with that decision. Part of my problem was that I was still lusting in my heart after other ladies. But somehow I knew that I wasn't going to find another woman remotely as great as my soon-to-be wife. It's a good thing my mother-in-law finally spoke up.

  I finally gathered my courage one day when we were having a picnic, and popped the question. I also gave my wife a big tourist pamphlet about Switzerland. I wasn't taking any chances.

  She said no.

  It killed me. I felt sick to my stomach. I lost my appetite. Our dog just stared at me, thinking, “If you're not going to eat your lunch, I will.” Finally, I said, “But the Switzerland trip is yours if you say yes.”

  “Switzerland,” she said, “is filled with precise, humorless people.”

  “Maybe I should have suggested Paris?”

  For a minute it seemed as if my change in travel plans would rate a solid “maybe”. But she said no again.When we woke up the next morning, she told me that she'd slept on my proposal. “I guess I was a little rude to you last night,” she explained. Meanwhile, I' m figuring I' m off the hook for this marriage thing for at least another eight years. I could afford to be generous.  “I asked, you said no. It's okay,” I said. I might have looked a little too relieved because later that day she gave me a little box. Inside was a gold watch. On the back was inscribed. “Yes. I've reconsidered.”

  I liked the watch, so I did the right thing.


  46. The reason why the man had waited so long was that he         .  

        [ A ] didn' t think eight years was long enough

  [ B ] suspected that husband and wife would often quarrel

  [ C ] didn' t think he was ready to propose to her

  [ D ] was waiting for his mother-in-law' s approval


  47. The man proposed to the woman because          .

  [ A] he realized he could find no other woman better

  [ B ] he was afraid that the woman might leave him

  [ C ] he was eager to visit Switzerland with the woman

  [ D ] he could finally overcome his fear for marriage


  48. By saying “I could afford to be generous.” (third paragraph from the bottom) the man implied that he          .

  [ A ] wouldn' t care too much if he stayed single

  [ B ] could take her to a better place than Paris

  [ C ] was rich enough to support his wife

  [ D ] didn't care what she thought about his proposal


  49. The last sentence “I did the right thing” implied he         .

  [ A ] traveled with his wife

  [ B ] had a successful marriage

  [ C ] liked the watch very much

  [ D ] waited for another eight years


  50. The best title for this text would be           .

  [ A ] How My Mother-In-Law Helped Me

  [ B ] How I Received a Gold Watch I Liked

  [ C ] How I Made My Wife Travel With Me

  [ D ] How I Came to Marry-My Wife


  Text 2

  “Hi there. How's it going?”

  “Oh, fine. Fine. How about this weather, huh ?”

  “Well, I guess we can always use the rain.”

  What's that? This story ? Oh, just a little look at small talk. You know, those seemingly meaningless conversations you have dozens of times a day, Maybe you' re waiting for the elevator.

  Or in a line at the bank. It all seems pretty trivial. Idle chatter about traffic doesn' t do much more than fill the air with empty words that are quickly forgotten. But you should know that small talk actually has a big place in our lives.

  Pat Oliver, assistant professor on arts, says that, “Left unchecked, small talk can be an invasion. It's so powerful. It does something to you.” “Every

morning after spending an hour and a half on the freeway I start the day with small talk with my secretary,” Oliver says, “If I don't make small connection with another person, I can' t work.”

  What causes it? As a rule, you' re either trying to force something into your life, or you' re using conversation as an invisible force field to keep them out. You can be wanting to connect with another person, and small talk is your introduction to more meaningful conversation.

  The way people use small talk is usually determined by where they happen to be at the time.

  Take the elevator, for instance. Now there's prime territory. Nobody knows anyone and there's no reason to start a conversation, but invariably, someone does. Making conversation in such peaceful social settings, according to Oliver, “can confirm your territory. It's a way of feeling liked and accepted.”

  The topics of small talk don't matter. In fact, you don't want anything more taxing than the weather or the traffic. It's non-threatening talk in a threatening situation. However, the rules change quickly when you're with lots of people doing lots of talking.

  Let's say you're at a party. Now it' s time to use small talk as a way of making others feel more comfortable around you, so you don' t look silly standing by the food table alone all night.

  51. “Small talk”, as interpreted by the author,        .

  [ A ] has no real function in communication at all

  [ B ] is usually meaningless and therefore useless

  [ C ] is not as idle as it may seem to be

  [ D ] is restricted to certain topics only


  52. According to the author, small talk is often used             .

  [ A ] to invade other' s private affairs

  [ B ] to share a secret between intimate friends

  [ C ] to open and maintain channels of communication

  [ D ] to protect one' s own privacy


  53. According to the author, topics of small talk may include comments on        .

  [ A ] some political issues

  [ B ] one' s physical condition

  [ C ] other' s ways of dress

  [ D ] the traffic jam


  54. Why is small talk described as “non-threatening talk in a threatening situation”?

  [ A] It is used by people to encourage those who are confronted with danger.

  [ B ] It is used to show that one is enthusiastic and hospitable.

  [ C ] It is used to create a more friendly atmosphere and to avoid embarrassment.

  [ D ] It is used by people to protect others in the threatening situation.


  55. According to the author, at a big party, small talk is used with the purpose of       .

  [ A ] making both others and yourself feel at ease

  [ B ] excluding those you don't like from joining you

  [ C ] keeping your voice low so only your friends can hear you

  [ D ] comforting those who feel lonely


        Text 3

  Dollars and cents are the basic units of American money. The back of all dollar bills are green (hence “greenbacks”). The commonly used coins are: one cent (penny ), five cents (nickel), 10 cents(dime), and 25 cents (quarter).

50 pieces (half dollar) and silver dollars (not really silver anymore) are gaining in usage, while there has been talk of phasing out the penny that's inflation for you. “Always carry plenty of quarters when travelling. Very useful for phones, soda machines, laundry machines, etc.”

  There is generally no problem in using US dollars in Canada, but this is never possible in reverse.

  It's useful always to carry small change for things like exact fare buses, but do not carry large sums of cash. Instead keep the bulk of your money in travellers' cheques which can be purchased both in the US and abroad and should be in dollar denominations. The best known cheques are those of American Express, so you will have the least difficulty cashing these, even in out of the way places. Thomas Cook travellers' cheques are also acceptable,

especially as lost ones can be reclaimed at some car rental companies. Dollar denomination cheques can be used like regular money. There's no need to cash them at a bank: use them instead to pay for meals, supermarket purchases or whatever. Ten or twenty dollar cheques are accepted like this almost always and you' 11 be given change just as though you'd presented the cashier with dollar bills. Be prepared to show I.D. when you cash your cheques.

  Credit cards can be even more valuable than travellers' cheques, as they are often used to guarantee room reservations over the phone and are accepted in lieu of deposit when renting a car--indeed without a credit card you may be considered so untrustworthy that not only a deposit but your passport will be held as security too. The major credit cards are VISA, Master Charge and Access, Diners Club and American Express. If you hold a bank card, it could well be worthwhile

  to increase your credit limit for travel purposes--you should ask your bank manager.


  56. Why is it useful to carry enough 25-cent coins with you?

  [ A ] They can act as small change for the-exact bus fares.

  [ B ] There is- generally no problem in using them in Canada.

  [ C ] As a basic unit of money, they are gradually gaining in usage.

  [ D ] They may come in handy for pay phones or laundry machines.


  57. It is not necessary to carry cash instead of dollar travellers' cheques because the latter can be         .

  [ A ] used for phones, bus fares and hotel reservations

  [ B ] used to pay in restaurants and big stores

  [ C ] used like credit cards, even in remote areas

  [ D ] exchanged easily, even at car rental companies


  58. The phrase ‘in lieu of’ (line 2, paragraph 4) most probably means        .

  [ A ] on behalf of

  [ B ] in line with

  [ C ] with regard to

  [ D ] instead of


  59. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

  [ A ] Credit cards have more advantages than travellers' cheques.

  [ B ] Dollar bills are as convenient as credit cards.

  [ C ] One-cent coins have been withdrawn from circulation.

  [ D ] You can increase your credit limit as you like.


  60. This passage is most probably taken from

  [ A ] a tourist guide

  [ B ] a bank brochure

  [ C ] a booklet about car rental

  [ D ] a handbook on U.S. currency


  Part B

  Directions:

  Read the texts from a cyber saloon in which five people talked about Tofu (also known as bean curd), a traditional Chinese and Japanese food. For questions 61 to 65, match the name of each person to one of the statements (A to G) that he or she is most likely to say. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

  Jenise:

  I love peas and beans more than most people, so tofu is a natural choice for me. My Chinese friend Annabelle loves them too, and tells me that soy beans contain an ingredient not present in any other food source, or at least in that concentration, that helps prevent breast cancer. When we share a big bowl of these, we eat with abandon “for medicinal purposes”! I like it plain although there may be many different ways to prepare it and it may cure other diseases.

  Lee:

  In fact, I was probably preprogrammed to like it: as a kid one of my favorite books was Toru and the Tofu (hope I' m remembering the title right), a story about a young Tokyo boy, named Toru, who was given the assignment, his first, of going to the neighborhood tofu maker' s by himself and bringing back some fleshly made cubes for dinner. I can still recall Toru' s unique way of getting it home intact ( with a jar filled with water). It all seemed very strange to the five-year old me in semi-rural Southern California.

  Hoke:

  It's great in spicy Sichuan style soups, especially with fish, but I like it fried quickly to give a crisp exterior whilst retaining a moist, soft interior. Steaming is another option, with a pork and prawn mince ( with spring onion) on top of each cube. The thing that I love most is ,the texture--really good tofu is just amazing in the mouth, poised as it is between solidity and fluidity. I' m definitely a fan.

  Nyby:

  It's sort of weird to me. You go in to one of those “Mock Vegetarian”restaurants only to find everything on the menu “mock”--mock chicken, mock beef, mock pork, etc. Now whatever you order, it' s tofu molded into something that looks like that particular meat. I don't know about you, but if I' m eating a vegetarian I don' t need to go through a fantasy of pretending I' m eating a veal cutlet or a pork chop or a chicken breast. Is this to delude someone, or distract them from thinking they are eating vegetarian food?

  Robin:

  Precisely because it is so “tasteless”, I eat. it like a madman: I like the way it picks up the flavors of the dishes it' s served with. I can enjoy it in lots of different cuisine, in moderate quantities in relation to other ingredients in each dish. If you try them and tell me that you don't think they have much flavor, I' 11 have to disagree because that's not true of tofu. The flavor's mild and you can combine that with the hottest spices in the world, which for me illustrates its most endearing attribute. It does a reasonably good job of absorbing a great many flavors.

  Now match each of the persons (61 to 65) to the appropriate statement.  Note: there are two extra statements.

  Statements

  61. Jenise           [ A ] Real or unreal, who knows?


  62. Lee              [ B ] Don' t deceive yourself and others: tofu is no meat.


  63. Hoke             [ C ] Amazing texture, I enjoy tofu inside out.


  64. Nyby             [ D ] I am constantly at war with tofu.


  65. Robin            [ E ] Tofu hasn' t got a unique taste of its own, but it goes well with any food.


  [ F ] Eating tofu is a strong childhood memory.

  [ G ] Tofu is the best medicine.

SECTION IV  Writing(40 minutes)

  Directions:

  You should write your responses to both Part A and Part B of this section on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Part A

  66. You have received the invitation below, but you will not be able to attend the party.Write a letter to Mr. Smith, explaining the reason why you cannot go and how you plan to make up for it.

  You should write approximately 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Wang Lin” instead. You do not need to write the address.

  Part B


  67. Nowadays drinking pure water has become a fashion with many people. Please write an essay commenting on:

  1. the reason for its popularity

  2. the effects it may have on people' s health

  Your essay should be about 120 words.

  THIS IS THE END OF THE TEST.

        第一部分听力

  1~25略

  第二部分英语知识运用

  参考译文

  音乐是人们表达内心感受和情感的重要方法.例如:许多人回忆起1960年到1969年的十年,都会觉得那是美国历史上的一个政治动荡及社会不安的时期.那段时期,很多人对美国青少年所喜欢的音乐感到失望.然而我们现在得承认他们所喜欢的音乐只是那个时代的一个标志,反映了那时的紧张局势也反映了对美国社会产生影响的一些变革.在60年代初期,一首叫做《随风飘逝》的歌引发了对社会公正和公平的争论.这首歌与民权运动的主题曲《我们会胜利》相呼应.有关美国军队陷入越

南战争的冲突,在1965年的两首歌曲里有所体现,一首叫做《毁灭前夕》,另一首叫做《绿色军帽之歌》,这两首歌表露了令人失望的情绪.几年之后,公共情绪的转变从一首流行歌里清楚流露出来,这首歌是当时其中最为流行的歌曲之一.甚至是在一些明星大声反对草案的时候,这首歌提出了更为冷静的问题和可能的答案.最终,音乐作为美国政治与社会进程的反映在纽约的伍德斯托克得以突出.1969年50万年轻人在那里集会,参加为期三天的摇滚音乐节,在音乐节期间所演唱的歌曲都是十年里的经典歌曲.这个事件是在动荡的时代渴求团结的一种标志.在躁动的年代里,伍德斯托克事件表达了希望.

  26.C【精析】本题考查文意.后面的“from 1960 to 1969”是此处的同位语,由此可知,这里的时间是“十年”.故选C.

  27.B【精析】本题考查文意.record记录;remember记忆;regret悔恨;recommend推荐.因为这里说的是已经过去的历史,故用remember.故选B.

  28.C【精析】本题考查介词.这里说的还是1960年到1969年之间,表示一段较长的时间前用介词during在…期间.故选C.

  29.C【精析】本题考查固定搭配.with有“关于,对于”的意思,despair  with  sth.“对…感到失望”,为固定搭配.故选C.

  30.B【精析】本题考查连词.moreover而且,此外;however然而;therefore因此,所以;thus这样,因此.从上下文来看,空格前后两个句子之间为转折关系.故选B.

  31.A【精析】本题考查文意.这里是讲“他们所喜欢的音乐只是那个时代的一个标志”,only仅仅,不过,符合句意.故选A.

  32.A【精析】本题考查文意.reflection反映;reaction反应;recreation 娱乐;relaxation松弛.这里是指音乐是当时社会的一种反映,故选A.

  33.B【精析】本题考查近义词辨析.effect n.影响;affect v.影响;defect n.过失,缺点;perfect v.修改,使完美.这里是讲正在影响美国的变化.故选B.

  34.D 【精析】本题考查近义词辨析.dispute表示比较激烈的争论,而argument的意思没有这么强烈,debate表示“辩论”.这里指的是美国60年代的民权运动,所以应该用一个语气比较激烈的词,故选D.

  35.C【精析】本题考查文意.raise有“提出”的意思;dismiss解散;remove移动;promote促进,提升.这句话的主语是dispute,与之搭配的

只能是raise,表示“提出争议”.故选C.

  36.B  【精析】本题考查动词词义.echo在这里意为“与…相呼应”.  37.A【精析】本题考查语境.involvement包含,卷入;assignment 任务,作业;replacement代替,替换;settlement定居.这里是指“美国军队卷入越南战争”.故选A.

  38.A【精析】本题考查语境的把握.从文章我们可以看出,这首歌表达的是对美国军队卷入越南战争的不满,而B、C两项均表示积极的意义,D项“令人泄气的”与文意不符.故选A.

  39.A【精析】本题考查固定用法.表示“几年之后,几天之后,几小时之后”用“a few years later,a few days later,a few hours later”. 故选A.

  40.A【精析】本题考查文意.evident明显的;positive积极的;realistic 现实的;instructive有益的,教育性的.这句话表达的意思是“公共情绪的转变明显的体现出来”.故选A.

  41.B【精析】本题考查固定搭配.protest against反对,为固定搭配.  42.C【精析】本题考查语境.这里表达的意思是“歌曲是美国政治与社会进程的一种反映”,mirror除了表示“镜子”之外,还可以表示“反映真实情况的东西”.故选C.

  43.B【精析】本题考查动词短语.come along发生,陪伴;come up 走进,上来,提出;come together集合;come out出来,出现.从上下文我们可知,这里指的是年轻人聚在一起.故选C.

  44.A【精析】本题考查文意.结合上下文可知,这里要表达的意思是“对团结的渴求”,unity的意思是“团结,统一”.故选A.

  45.    A 【精析】本题考查文意.presentation表达;display陈列,显示;performance表现,演出;publication公布,发行.这句话的意思

是“伍德斯托克事件表达了希望”.故选A.

第三部分阅读理解

  Part A

  Text 1

  参考译文

  那时我和我的妻子已经共同生活了8年了,二天晚上“妈妈”说,“我

猜你们是永远不想结婚了吧.我是说,你们同甘共苦、共同生活,但是…噢,算我没说.”

  “噢,那么,”我说,“是这样的,我明天就跟你的女儿结婚.”

  事实上,我也不知道我们在等什么,除了对一个年轻人来说任何时间都不适合结婚的原因之外.我对任何两个在作这个决定的时候不作一番挣扎的人都表示怀疑.我还存在的一个问题是我仍然对其他女人有兴趣.但是不管怎样我知道我再也找不到像我的未婚妻这样的好女人了.我的岳母最终提出了这件事,这很好.

  一天,在我们野餐的时候我鼓起勇气跟她求婚了.我还给了妻子一本瑞士的旅游手册.但是我没有得到任何机会.

  她拒绝了.

  这几乎要了我的命.我觉得胃疼,没了胃口.我们养的狗看着我,想,“如果你不吃午餐的话我就吃了.”最后,我说,“但是只要你说好你就能去瑞士旅行了.”

  “瑞士,”她说,“到处都是精明又缺乏幽默感的人.”

  “或许我该建议去巴黎?”

  有那么一会儿似乎我改变旅行计划看上去能使她说“也许”,但是她再一次说不.

  第二天早上我们醒来的时候,她告诉我睡觉的时候她一直在想着我的求婚.“我觉得我昨天晚上对你有点粗鲁.”她解释说.同时,我想未来至少八年内我还得为婚姻而挣扎.我承受得起.

  “我向你求婚了,你说不,这也没关系.”我说.也许我当时看上去太解脱了,因为那天稍晚些时候她给了我一个小盒子,里面是一块金表.盒子的背面写着“我答应.我重新考虑过了.”

  我喜欢这块表,所以我做对了.

  46.C【精析】推理题.从文章第三段中“…for a guy it’s never the right time to get married.(对一个年轻人来说任何时候都不适合结婚)” 以及“...I was still lusting in my heart after other ladies.(我心里仍然对其他女人有兴趣)”可以看出,作者还没有做好结婚的准备.A、B文中均未提到.文中作者说到岳母提出让他们结婚是一件好事,并不是说他等着岳母同意.故D不选.正确答案为C.

  47.A【精析】细节题.文章第三段倒数第三行说“但是不管怎样我知道我再也找不到像这个将要成为我妻子这样的好女人了”,这与A项表

述一致.故选A.

  48.A【精析】推理题.该句前句表明作者此时对求婚的结果已不抱任何希望,且觉得自己至少还得花8年才有可能成功.说明作者此句话是在安慰自己继续保持单身没有关系.故选A.

  49.B【精析】推理题.上段最后一句话我们知道作者的妻子答应了他的求婚,所以这里应该是指他们的婚姻.且A项文中没有涉及,C项仅从字面意思来看显然不对,D项与文意相悖,因为她已经答应求婚.故选B.

  50.D【精析】主旨题.整篇文章说的是作者从求婚失败到最后妻子答应自己的求婚的过程,故选D“我是如何同妻子结婚的”.

  Text 2

  参考译文

  “你好.最近怎样?”

  “哦,很好,很好.今天天气怎么样,哈?”

  “我想我们这儿会一直下雨.”

  上面讲的是什么?一则故事?噢,这只是关于琐谈的一瞥.你知道,每天你碰到几十次这种看上去没什么意义的琐谈,或在等电梯的时候.或是在银行排队的时候.这种谈话都显得很琐碎.打发时间的谈谈交通和不说话没什么两样,转眼就被遗忘了.但是你要知道这样的琐谈在我们的生活中具有重要的地位.

  帕特.奥利弗是艺术学的教授助理,他说“虽然没被证实,但是琐谈可以是一种进攻,它的力量很强大,会对你造成影响.”“每天早上在高速公路上花一个半小时到达办公室之后,我跟我的秘书进行一些琐谈来开始一天的工作,”奥利弗说,“如果不跟别人进行一些简单的交流的话我就没办法工作.”

  这种情况是怎么造成的呢?按规律来说,你不是想要利用谈话强行将一些东西带进自己的生活,就是把谈话当作一种无形的力量将某些事物排除在你的生活之外.你也许是正想与某人交流,琐谈可将你们引入更有意义的谈话.

  人们进行琐谈的方式通常是由当时所处的环境所决定的.以搭电梯的时候为例,现在这是一片原始的领域,谁也不认识谁并且也没有理由开始一次交谈,但总是会有人第一个说话.根据奥利弗的说法在这样一个平和的社会环境下交谈“可以巩固自己的领域.你可以通过它感受自己是否被别人喜爱和接受”.

  琐谈的主题并不重要.实际上,你不会想要任何比天气或者是交通更沉重的话题.这是在具有威胁性的情形下进行的没有威胁的谈话.然而.当你同时跟很多人在一起进行大量交谈的时候,规则是在飞快的变化的.

  让我们假设你参加一次聚会.现在是时候利用琐谈来使你周围的人感到自在和放松了,这样你也不会傻傻地独自在餐桌边站一个晚上了.  51.C【精析】主旨题.从整篇文章来看,作者的意思是说琐谈看上去没什么意义,但是却能起到很重要的作用,例如将交谈双方引入一些更重要的谈话或者是打破冷场的局面.这与C项表述一致.A、B两项曲解了文意.D项“琐谈的话题有严格的限制”,与文章倒数第二段第一句“The topics of small talk don’t matter.”相悖.故选C.

  52.C【精析】推理题.由文章倒数第四段第二句话“You Call be waning to connect with another person,and small talks is your introduction to more meaningful conversation.”可知,当我们想与他人进行交流时,琐谈可把我们引入更为严肃、正式的话题,由此可判断琐谈可起到建立和维持沟通渠道的作用,这与C项表述一致.故选C.

  53.D【精析】推理题.文中说琐谈一般都是关于天气和交通的无实质内容的、轻松的话题,故选D.

  54.C【精析】推理题.从文章最后一段可以看出,琐谈的一个重要作用就是在一些场合使得自己和周围的人感到放松.且从谈话的内容来看,说话的人只是想营造一种气氛.故选C.

  55.A【精析】推理题.最后一段意思是“利用琐谈来使你周围的人感到舒服,这样你也不会独自在餐桌旁站一个晚上了,看上去傻乎乎的”.A项“使自己和别人都感到放松”与此相符.故选A.

Text 3

  参考译文

  美元和美分是美国货币的基本单位.所有美元的背面都是绿色的(因此叫做“绿背”).最常使用的硬币有:一美分(一便士),五美分(五分镍币),十美分(一角硬币),二十五美分(四分之一美元).在人们争论要不要停止使用一美分硬币的时候,五角的硬币和银制美元硬币(其实不再真的是银质的)也开始使用了——对你来说那是通货膨胀.“在旅行的时候要带足25美分的硬币.打电话、在售货机上买苏打水还有用干洗机的时候这些硬币很有用.”

  一般来说在加拿大使用美元没有问题,但是如果反过来的话就不一样了.

  随身带些零钱有时候很有用,比如说乘坐单一票制公交车时,但是不要带太多现金在身上.将巨额现金存在旅行支票里来代替携带现金,这种美元面额的旅行支票要既可以用于国内购物也可以用于国外购物. 最为大家所熟知的旅行支票是美国快递,所以用这种旅行支票最容易兑换现金,即使是在偏僻的地方.托马斯—库克旅行支票也被广泛接受,尤其是丢失后还可以到某些汽车租赁公司认领.美元面额的支票可以当作现金用.根本不需要去银行兑现:在餐馆、超市或者任何时候都可以用这样的支票付款.面值为十美元或者二十美元的支票一直都被人们接受,而且对方还会为你找零钱就像使用关钞一样.在用支票兑现的时候要出示你的身份证.

  信用卡比旅行支票更有价值,通过电话预订房间的时候通常会用到信用卡做担保,而且在租汽车的时候信用卡还能用作订金一没有信用卡的话别人会觉得你不值得信任,这样出租公司不光是要收取你的订金

还会留下你的护照以确保安全.主要的几种信用卡是VISA,Master Charge,Access,Diners Club和American Express.如果你持有银行卡的话.为了出去旅行方便而增加你的信用度也是很值得的——关于这一点你可以咨询你的银行经理人.

  56.D【精析】细节题.这道题考查的是文中关于25美分硬币用途的说法,在文中第一段最后明确提出了25美分硬币有各种用途,包含在内的是D项.故选D.

  57.B【精析】释义题.文章第三段倒数第三句说“…use them instead to pay for meals.supermarket purchases or whatever.”,其中them 指代checks.可知支票可以用于支付旅馆和商店的费用. 故选B.

  58.D【精析】推理题.破折号后面的文章说如果没有信用卡出租公司会收取订金还会扣留护照,说明如果有信用卡的话公司就不会另收订金,所以信用卡的作用是代替订金,故选D.

  59.A【精析】判断题.A由文章最后一段第一句话“Credit cards can be even more valuable than travellers’ cheques…”,可知信用卡比旅行支票更具价值,这与A项表述一致.

  60.B【精析】推理题.从整体来看,文章介绍了货币、支票和信用卡的用途,所以A、c只是断章取义的说法不合题意.而D强调的是货币,比较片面.只有B符合文意.

  Part B

  参考译文

  在中国和日本,豆腐都是传统菜,下面这篇文章是5个人对于吃豆腐的不同看法.(注意每个人所说话的主题)

  杰尼斯:我比大部分人都更喜欢豌豆和大豆,所以我自然会选择豆腐.我的中国朋友阿娜贝丽也很喜欢豌豆和大豆.她告诉我大豆含有一种其他任何食物原料所没有的成分,或者至少其中该成分的含量高于其他任何食物原料,这种成分有助于预防乳癌.在我们吃一大碗豆腐的时候,我们是为了医疗目的而尽情地吃.虽然豆腐的做法有很多种,我还是喜欢它简简单单的吃法,而且它还能治疗其他疾病.

  李:实际上,我喜欢豆腐可能是冥冥之中注定的:小时候,我最喜欢的书就是《Tur0与豆腐》(希望我没记错书名).故事讲的是一个叫做Turo的东京小男孩要第一次独自去隔壁一位做豆腐的邻居家里,并且要带回一些鲜豆腐块回来做晚饭.我还记得Turo把豆腐完整无缺的带回家所用的独特的方法(他把豆腐放在一个装了水的坛子里).对于生活在不太发达的加利福尼亚南部且当时只有5岁的我来说,这一切看上去是那么新奇.

  胡克:在四川风味的辣汤里放上豆腐味道真是好极了,尤其是在做鱼的时候.但是我最喜欢稍微用油煎一下的豆腐,表面硬脆而里面松软.蒸豆腐也很好吃,做的时候要在豆腐表面铺一层猪肉末或者虾酱(加上大葱).我最爱盼就是豆腐的口感——真正好的豆腐入口的感觉是很美妙的,那种口感介于固体和液体之间.我是个真正的豆腐迷.

  丽比:对我来说这有点古怪,当你走进那些“模拟素食”的餐厅,却发现菜单上的每一样东西都是模拟的——模拟鸡肉、模拟牛肉、模拟猪肉,等等.你所点的菜都是用豆腐仿照各种肉的样子做出来的.我不知道你们怎么想,但是如果我吃素的话我不需要经历一种虚幻,假装自己是在吃小牛排、猪排或是鸡胸.这是在误导别人还是在分散他们的注意力以使他们不去想自己在吃素?

  罗宾:确切地说,我之所以疯狂地喜欢吃豆腐,就是因为它的淡而无味.我喜欢豆腐可以吸收与它一道烹制的整道菜味道的方式.豆腐的各种吃法我都很喜欢.它的做法和用量与菜里的其他配料有关.如果你吃过之后告诉我豆腐没什么味道的话,我就不同意了,因为这种说法是不对的.豆腐的味道很淡,你可以把它跟最辣的调料一起吃,对我来说这是豆腐最招人喜欢的特质.豆腐能够充分吸收各种味道.

  61.G【精析】主旨题.在几段短文中只有杰尼斯所说的话是与豆腐的医疗功能有关的,所以G项正确.

  62.F【精析】主旨题.第二段短文是作者在讲述自己与豆腐的渊源——回忆儿时读过的一本与豆腐有关的书,所以这段文章的主旨是“儿时对豆腐的记忆”,故选F.

  63.C【精析】主旨题.第三段短文着重讲的是豆腐的口感,这与C 项表述一致.

  64.B【精析】主旨题.第四段短文里,作者表达了自己对把豆腐仿制成肉类这种自欺欺人的做法的反感.这与B项表述一致.

  65.E【精析】主旨题.最后一段短文第一句话就说豆腐没什么味道,后面接着说豆腐做配料的吃法.E选项所说的与此一致,故选E.

第四部分写作

  PartA

  66.【高分范文】

  Mr.Smith,

  Congratulations for your 1Oth wedding anniversary! Thanks for inviting me to your 1Oth wedding anniversary.I’d like to go to your party at Park Hotel.but I have to go to Beijing for business on that day so I’m afraid I couldn’t attend your party.I hope that won’t bother you.I will bring a present for you from Beijing.And my wife and I will visit you after my coming back.Wish you have a good time.And congratulations again!

  Have a goodtime!

  Yours respectively,

  Wang Lin

  【写作点金】

  本文是一封取消预约的信函.因为本来是说好去参加别人结婚10周年纪念,即使去不了我们也应该向对方表示祝贺.然后再说自己为什么不能去参加聚会,并表示歉意.

  在写作时要注意语气一定要诚恳.在信的结尾要向对方再次表示祝贺,这样才显得有礼貌.

  【高频词句】

  1.congratulations表示祝贺的这个词必不可少.

  2.I have to go to Beijing for business on that day so I’m afraid I couldn’t attend your party.我那天要去北京出差,所以恐怕我去不了你们的聚会了.

  3.I hope that won’t bother you.我希望你们不要介意.

  4.And my wife and 1 will visit you after my coming back.从北京回来后我和妻子将登门拜访.

  Part B

  67.【高分范文】

  Almost every family in cities drink pure water nowadays.It has become a fashion.Why do people drink pure water instead of common water? The main reason is that pure water is good for Our health.Besides,drinking pure water is more convenient,because pure water can be drunk directly.

  Some people would ask why drinking pure water is good for our health.As we know,water pollution is very serious now.So drinking common water doesn’t sound so safe as before.Pure water is absolutely clean because it doesn’t contain any mineral element.Also some certain mineral in water will do harm to our bodies when it is taken too much.At this point,pure water should he our choice.

  Besides all above.pure water also tastes good.You should have a try if you haven’t ever drunk pure water before.

  【写作点金】

  在写这篇作文的时候,首先可以以很多人都喝纯净水来引出主题.这篇文章的重点是纯净水对身体有好处.我们可以就所了解的知识分条来阐述.因为这是一篇介绍性文章,所以在语言方面要平实.

  【高频词句】

  1.It has become a fashion.这已经成为一种时尚.

  2.Besides,drinking pure water is more convenient,because pure water can be drunk directly.除此之外,喝纯净水比较方便,因为纯净水可以直接喝.

  3.As we know.water pollution is very serious now.众所周知,水污染现在已经很严重了.

  4.So drinking common water doesn’t sound so safe as before.所以喝普通的水不如以前那么安全了.

  5.Also some certain mineral in water will be harmful to our bodies when it is taken too much.有些矿物元素摄人太多会对身体有害.

  6. Besides all above...除了以卜所述…



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